The Lý Dynasty, which ruled Đại Việt (ancient Vietnam) from 1010 to 1225, witnessed significant advancements in various fields, including the emergence and development of printing and journalism. This article explores the fascinating history of how these two essential components of communication evolved during the Lý Dynasty.
1. The Advent of Printing in Đại Việt
Printing first appeared in Đại Việt during the early Lý Dynasty, under the reign of King Lý Thái Tổ (1010 – 1028). The process involved carving wooden blocks with texts and images, which were then inked and pressed onto paper or other materials. This breakthrough significantly improved the dissemination of knowledge and culture throughout the kingdom.
2. The Role of Buddhist Scriptures
One of the primary catalysts for the development of printing during the Lý Dynasty was the desire to produce and distribute Buddhist scriptures. Buddhist monks played a crucial role in carving and printing these religious texts, which contributed to the spread of Buddhism and literacy among the population.
3. The Growth of Printing Houses
As printing gained popularity, specialized printing houses began to emerge in major cities and towns. These printing houses were responsible for producing not only religious texts but also literature, historical records, and administrative documents. As a result, literacy and access to information became more widespread among the general populace.
4. The Rise of Journalism
During the later years of the Lý Dynasty, journalism started to take shape. Wooden-block printed bulletins, known as “Thong bao,” were circulated to disseminate official announcements, decrees, and news across the kingdom. These bulletins played a crucial role in keeping the public informed about important events and government policies.
5. The Legacy of the Lý Dynasty’s Printing and Journalism
The Lý Dynasty’s contributions to printing and journalism laid the foundation for further developments in communication and media in Đại Việt and beyond. The establishment of printing houses and the dissemination of printed materials fostered intellectual and cultural exchange, advancing education and knowledge within the kingdom.
The Lý Dynasty’s period was marked by significant achievements in various fields, and the emergence and development of printing and journalism were among its noteworthy accomplishments. The advent of printing brought about a revolution in communication, making knowledge and information more accessible to the general population. The rise of journalism provided a means for the dissemination of official news and announcements. Together, these developments enriched the cultural and intellectual landscape of Đại Việt during the Lý Dynasty, leaving a lasting legacy that continues to influence communication and media to this day.