The Lý Dynasty and Its Relations with the Ngô Family

The interactions between the Lý Dynasty and the Ngô family were crucial in shaping the political landscape of ancient Vietnam. Let’s explore the dynamics of their relationship:

1. Ngô Quyền’s Rebellion:

Ngô Quyền, a prominent military leader, rose to prominence during the early 10th century. He led a rebellion against the Southern Han invaders and successfully defeated their fleet at the Battle of Bạch Đằng in 938. This victory marked the end of Chinese domination in the region and established a newfound sense of independence.

2. Lý Thái Tổ and the Ngô Family:

Lý Thái Tổ, the founder of the Lý Dynasty, recognized Ngô Quyền’s achievements and loyalty to the country. As a gesture of goodwill and to strengthen his rule, Lý Thái Tổ married Ngô Quyền’s daughter, Princess Phụng Hoàng, solidifying a political alliance between the two families.

3. Cooperation and Governance:

During the early years of the Lý Dynasty, the cooperation between the Lý rulers and the Ngô family played a vital role in maintaining stability and consolidating power. Ngô Quyền’s military expertise and the loyalty of his supporters contributed to the Lý Dynasty’s ability to govern effectively.

4. The Ngô Family’s Legacy:

Following the establishment of the Lý Dynasty, the Ngô family continued to hold significant influence and high-ranking positions in the administration. Members of the Ngô family were appointed to key governmental roles, contributing to the overall governance and development of the country.

5. Internal Conflicts:

Despite the initial cooperation, there were periods of tension and internal conflicts within the Ngô family, which sometimes affected their relationship with the Lý rulers. However, the Lý Dynasty managed to navigate these challenges, and the alliance with the Ngô family remained intact for a considerable period.

6. Political Succession:

As the Lý Dynasty continued to prosper, subsequent rulers maintained their ties with the Ngô family. The marriage alliance and support from the Ngô descendants further solidified the Lý Dynasty’s legitimacy and authority in the eyes of the people.

7. Legacy and Historical Significance:

The collaboration between the Lý Dynasty and the Ngô family played a crucial role in securing Vietnam’s independence and shaping its early political structure. The contributions of the Ngô family, particularly Ngô Quyền’s decisive victory at Bạch Đằng, are celebrated in Vietnamese history as pivotal moments in the country’s quest for self-determination.


The relationship between the Lý Dynasty and the Ngô family was one of mutual cooperation and political alliance, which significantly contributed to the stability and governance of ancient Vietnam. The Ngô family’s legacy and their vital role in securing Vietnam’s independence have left an indelible mark on the country’s historical narrative. The alliance between the Lý Dynasty and the Ngô family exemplifies the importance of forging strong partnerships to achieve common goals and uphold national sovereignty.

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